CALIFORNIA VEHICLE CODE SECTIONS 23116-23117
23116. (a) No person driving a pickup truck or a flatbed motortruck
on a highway shall transport any person in or on the back of the
(b) No person shall ride in or on the back of a truck or flatbed
motortruck being driven on a highway.
(c) Subdivisions (a) and (b) do not apply if the person in the
back of the truck is secured with a restraint system. The restraint
system shall meet or exceed the federal motor vehicle safety
standards published in Sections 571.207, 571.209, and 571.210 of
Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations.
(d) Subdivisions (a), (b), and (c) do not apply to any person
transporting one or more persons in the back of a truck or flatbed
motortruck owned by a farmer or rancher, if that vehicle is used
exclusively within the boundaries of lands owned or managed by that
farmer or rancher, including the incidental use of that vehicle on
not more than one mile of highway between one part of the farm or
ranch to another part of that farm or ranch.
(e) Subdivisions (a), (b), and (c) do not apply if the person in
the back of the truck or the flatbed is being transported in an
emergency response situation by a public agency or pursuant to the
direction or authority of a public agency.
As used in this subdivision, "emergency response situation" means
instances in which necessary measures are needed in order to prevent
injury or death to persons or to prevent, confine, or mitigate damage
or destruction to property.
(f) Subdivisions (a) and (b) do not apply if the person in the
back of the truck or flatbed motortruck is being transported in a
parade that is supervised by a law enforcement agency and the speed
of the truck while in the parade does not exceed eight miles per
23117. (a) No person driving a motor vehicle shall transport any
animal in the back of the vehicle in a space intended for any load on
the vehicle on a highway unless the space is enclosed or has side
and tail racks to a height of at least 46 inches extending vertically
from the floor, the vehicle has installed means of preventing the
animal from being discharged, or the animal is cross tethered to the
vehicle, or is protected by a secured container or cage, in a manner
which will prevent the animal from being thrown, falling, or jumping
from the vehicle.
(b) This section does not apply to any of the following:
(1) The transportation of livestock.
(2) The transportation of a dog whose owner either owns or is
employed by a ranching or farming operation who is traveling on a
road in a rural area or who is traveling to and from a livestock
(3) The transportation of a dog for purposes associated with
ranching or farming.