Laws and Regulations 

Related to Child Passenger Safety

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards

FMVSS 208:  Occupant Crash Protection as of 10/1/08 (PDF).

Lockability. NHTSA issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to remove the sunset clause that would rescind the lockability requirement for safety belts in by 2012. A petition requesting this action was submitted by SafetyBeltSafe U.S.A. and Safe Ride News and supported by 177 CPS advocates, many of whom were attendees of Kidz in Motion Conference 2006.

FMVSS 213:  Child Restraint Systemsas of 10/1/08) (PDF).

FMVSS 225:  Child Restraint Anchorage Systems as of 10/1/08 (PDF). NHTSA Ease of Use Ratings

Federal Legislation

Anton's Law, to improve protection of children ages 4 to 8, Public Law 107-318, 4 December 2002 (PDF).

Testimony concerning a national plan to protect children ages 4 to 8, presented to NHTSA on July 3, 2001, by Stephanie Tombrello (PDF).

Aircraft Travel - Policies and Regulations

The following documents may be printed and taken along when traveling with a child and child restraint on a commercial airline.

Childproof Your Flight (PDF) or find it on the FAA site.

Use of Child Restraint Systems on Aircraft, FAA Advisory Circular 120-87B, 9/17/10 (PDF).

Before You Fly, Know Your Rights, The Carseat Lady, 2014.

FAA regulations:

Seats, safety belts, and shoulder harnesses, 14 CFR 121.311, as of 2011 (PDF).

Use of safety belts and child restraint systems, 14 CFR 135.128, as of 1/1/03 (PDF).

AAP Policy Statement

Restraint Use on Aircraft (Pediatrics 108(5):1218,Nov 2001;108(5):1218-122, Reaffirmed October 2008)

Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families

Head Start transportation regulation deadline extension, 2011.

Head Start Transportation (PDF).

Transport Canada

Motor Vehicle Restraint Systems and Booster Cushions Safety Regulations 

California Legislative Information

ARTICLE 3.3. Child Safety Belt and Passenger Restraint Requirements [27360 - 27368] ( Heading of Article 3.3 amended by Stats. 1994, Ch. 1101, Sec. 3. )

27360. (a) Except as provided in Section 27363, a parent, legal guardian, or driver shall not transport on a highway in a motor vehicle, as defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (c) of Section 27315, a child or ward who is under eight years of age, without properly securing that child in a rear seat in an appropriate child passenger restraint system meeting applicable federal motor vehicle safety standards.

(b) Subdivision (a) does not apply to a driver if the parent or legal guardian of the child is also present in the motor vehicle and is not the driver.

(Amended by Stats. 2014, Ch. 345, Sec. 15. Effective January 1, 2015.)

2012 materials for health and day care facilities

as required by the California Vehicle Code and California Health Code.

Count Down to January 1, 2017; A Year of Education about Riding Rear Facing

From January 1, 2017, children under age 2 must ride rear facing in safety seats (except those 40 inches tall or more or weighing 40 lbs. or more).

California Child Occupant Protection Laws

Violator Education Program : "Family Safety in the Car"

Law Enforcement Briefings: Outline and Materials

For Child Passenger Safety Technicians, health educators, and law enforcement training staff .

Other State Legislation

Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety

State Legislative Program:  Summary of laws by state.

Insurance Institute for Highway Safety

Summary of state laws on child restraints, safety belts, and helmets.


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